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Slaves Who Gained Freedom

TJE Original Title: 
Slaves Who Gained Freedom

A number of the enslaved community at Monticello gained their freedom by various methods. During his lifetime, Jefferson freed two enslaved men.

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Slaves Who Gained Freedom

TJE Original Title: 
Slaves Who Gained Freedom

A number of the enslaved community at Monticello gained their freedom by various methods. During his lifetime, Jefferson freed two enslaved men.

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Property

How were Jefferson’s slaves treated?

Robert Hemings

TJE Original Title: 
Robert Hemings

Robert Hemings (1762-1819)[1]   was the son of Betty Hemings, a slave of John Wayles, Jefferson's father-in-law. Born in 1762, he was the first child of her alleged liaison with her master. Betty Hemings and her children became the property of Martha and Thomas Jefferson after Wayles' death in May 1773.

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Trades and Skills

TJE Original Title: 
Trades and Skills

People practicing a variety of trade and skills lived and worked at Monticello. A listing of these trades appears below.

Note: All involve both free (F) and enslaved (S) workers, unless otherwise noted.

Agriculture and Horticulture

Plower (S)
Gardener
Shepherd (S)
Miller
Engrafter (F)
Overseer

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Indentured Servants

TJE Original Title: 
Indentured Servants

Only two indentured servants[1] are known to have worked at Monticello while under the terms of their indentures (Thomas Walker and William Rice). Two others worked for Thomas Jefferson after completion of their contracted service (Antonio Giannini and Giovannini da Prato).

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Indentured Servants

TJE Original Title: 
Indentured Servants

Only two indentured servants[1] are known to have worked at Monticello while under the terms of their indentures (Thomas Walker and William Rice). Two others worked for Thomas Jefferson after completion of their contracted service (Antonio Giannini and Giovannini da Prato).

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Indentured Servants

TJE Original Title: 
Indentured Servants

Only two indentured servants[1] are known to have worked at Monticello while under the terms of their indentures (Thomas Walker and William Rice). Two others worked for Thomas Jefferson after completion of their contracted service (Antonio Giannini and Giovannini da Prato).

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