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A Life Along Mulberry Row

<div id="gallery" class="ad-gallery"> <div class="ad-image-wrapper"> </div> <div class="ad-controls"> </div> <div class="ad-nav"> <div class="ad-thumbs"> <ul class="ad-thumb-list"> <!-- 'alt' = description. 'longdesc' = a link url for the big image. --> <!-- do NOT put line breaks between <a><img></a> or Drupal will insert <br>s and screw up the layout --> <!-- intro --> <!-- (caption text removed - now part of image) &lt;strong&gt;Born in 1775, Isaac Granger Jefferson lived and worked along Mulberry Row for much of his life as a nailer, tinsmith, and blacksmith. At the end of his life, he lived in freedom in Petersburg, Virginia, where an account of his life was recorded. Learn more about his experience on Mulberry Row, some in his own words.&lt;/strong&gt; --> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/intro.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_intro.png" title="" alt="" class="image0"></a> </li> <!-- Phase 1 --> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop1.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop1.png" title="“Negro quarter” (Phase I)" alt="Several enslaved individuals or families lived in the “Negro quarter,” possibly including Granger’s parents, &lt;a href='/node/9701'&gt;George, Sr.&lt;/a&gt; and &lt;a href='/node/9732'&gt;Ursula&lt;/a&gt;, and his two brothers, &lt;a href='/node/9702'&gt;George, Jr.&lt;/a&gt; and Bagwell. Granger recalled “you could see the wolves in gangs running and howling, same as a drove of hogs; made the deer run up to the feeding place many a night. The feeding place was right by the house where Isaac stayed.”" class="image1"></a> </li> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop2.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop2.png" title="Jefferson&rsquo;s House (Phase I)" alt="As a boy, Isaac Granger carried wood and water to fireplaces in the main house and the kitchen and coal to the second-floor library. His mother, Ursula, was pastry-cook, laundress, and wet nurse in the Jefferson household. Granger recalled that his mother was given “seven dollars a month for washing, ironing, and making pastry.”" class="image2"/></a> </li> <!-- Phase 2 --> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop4.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop4.png" title="n. wash house (Phase II)" alt="Granger’s mother Ursula washed and ironed clothes in the wash-house. Granger recollected that his mother was “pastry-cook and washerwoman.” &lt;em&gt;(Image: Mr. Bryan’s washerwoman, Dry River [Jamaica] by William Berryman, 1808–15)&lt;/em&gt;" class="image4"/></a> </li> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop5.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop5.png" title="m. smokehouse/dairy (Phase II)" alt="Granger’s mother Ursula supervised the preservation of the meat in the smokehouses. In 1799, Jefferson instructed an overseer John, a gardener and sheep-minder, to cut up the meat while “Ursula salt it and see that it is properly cured and managed.”" class="image5"/></a> </li> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop3.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop3.png" title="l. storehouse for iron (Phase II)" alt="Granger was apprenticed to a tinsmith in Philadelphia around 1790, where he learned to cut and solder tin and to make cups, pepper boxes, and graters. He also learned to tin copper and sheet iron. After Jefferson set up a tinsmithing shop in building l on Mulberry Row, Granger ran it. Granger “carried on the tin business two years,” before it failed." class="image3"></a> </li> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop6.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop6.png" title="D. smith’s shop (Phase II)" alt="After 1790, George Granger, Jr. tutored his brother Isaac in blacksmithing. In 1794, he became a nailer in Jefferson’s nail-making enterprise, dividing his time between nail-making and blacksmithing work. Granger recalled that Jefferson “Gave the boys in the nail-factory a pound of meat a week, a dozen herrings, a quart of molasses, and a peck of meal. Gave them that worked the best suit of red or blue: encouraged them mightily.” &lt;em&gt;(Image: Blacksmith 1st Mass. Arty. Harrisons by Alfred R. Waud, 1862)&lt;/em&gt;" class="image6"/></a> </li> <li> <a href="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/stop7.png"><img src="/sites/all/themes/monticello/_ad_gallery/images/thumb_stop7.png" title="j. nailery (Phase II)" alt="By 1796, Granger married and worked extra hours in the blacksmith shop, making chain traces for which he earned three pence a pair. Jefferson’s records show that he was the most productive nailer in 1796; he made 507 pounds of nails in 47 days, wasting the least nail rod and earning the equivalent of 85 cents a day for his master. In 1797, Jefferson gave Granger, his wife Iris, and sons Joyce and Squire as a wedding gift to Maria Jefferson and John Wayles Eppes. &lt;em&gt;(Image: Cloutier Grossier [large nail-making], L’Encyclopédie by Denis Diderot and Jean d’Alembert, 1763)&lt;/em&gt;" class="image7"/></a> </li> </ul> </div> </div> </div>

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