Thomas Jefferson's landholdings in Albemarle County totaled some 5,000 acres. To manage this vast estate, Jefferson divided the land into separate "farms." The area surrounding the planter's dwelling constituted the "home farm"; for Jefferson, this was Monticello mountain. Outlying lands were divided into manageable parcels known as "quarter farms" and were run by resident overseers.
The Department of Archaeology is dedicated to studying and preserving Monticello's archaeological record, and to deciphering its meaning through comparative research. Historical topics of special focus in the Department's fieldwork include landscape history and slavery, both at Monticello and in the Chesapeake region.