Thomas Jefferson's landholdings in Albemarle County totaled some 5,000 acres. To manage this vast estate, Jefferson divided the land into separate "farms." The area surrounding the planter's dwelling constituted the "home farm"; for Jefferson, this was Monticello mountain. Outlying lands were divided into manageable parcels known as "quarter farms" and were run by resident overseers.
Thomas Jefferson inherited his father’s plantation, slaves, and livelihood. Peter Jefferson was a planter, surveyor, county justice, member of the colonial Virginia legislature, and a loyal citizen of the British Empire. Jefferson’s mother, Jane Randolph Jefferson, belonged to one of the colony’s most prominent families.