Thomas Mann Randolph, Jefferson's horticulturally astute son-in-law, observed the native or American columbine blooming at Monticello on April 30, 1791, and the species can still be found growing wild at Monticello. This ornamental flower was introduced to Europe and documented in British gardens by the 1640s. In the late 1700s, the Reverend John Banister recorded this species in Virginia, as did John Clayton in the 1750s.Bernard McMahon listed seeds for this columbine in his Broadside Catalogue (c. 1800).
This columbine is a hardy, spring-flowering North American perennial with scarlet and yellow flowers appear on tall, delicate stems above attractive, medium green foliage.
↑ This article is based on a Center for Historic Plants Information Sheet.