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Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis

Jefferson planted this brilliant summer-blooming wildflower in an oval bed in 1807. Although the seed came from Bernard McMahon in Philadelphia, the Cardinal Flower grows along the streams on the lower parts of Monticello Mountain. It was in McMahon's book that American gardeners were first urged to search the local woodlands and fields for "the various beautiful ornaments with which nature has profusely decorated them." Wildflowers are particularly suited for the mid and late summer when American gardens "are almost destitute of bloom" while the nearby meadow can be a waving tapestry of color. "Is it because they are indigenous that we should reject them?" asked McMahon. "What can be more beautiful than our Lobelias, Orchis, Asclepia, and Asters . . ."
From Thomas Jefferson's Flower Garden at Monticello by Edward M. Betts.

Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Reds
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4
Location at Monticello: 
West and East Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Partial and Full Shade
Blooming History: 
2001 Jul 7 to 2001 Oct 42002 Jun 28 to 2002 Sep 62003 Jul 4 to 2003 Oct 172004 Jul 12 to 2004 Sep 102005 Jul 13 to 2005 Oct 102006 Jul 13 to 2006 Sep 152007 Aug 16 to 2007 Sep 72008 Aug 1 to 2008 Oct 312009 Sep 1 to 2009 Nov 32011 Jul 15 to 2011 Sep 292012 Jul 20 to 2012 Oct 12013 Aug 21 to 2013 Sep 282014 Jul 30 to 2014 Oct 7
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