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Jerusalem Artichoke

Helianthus tuberosa

In his Notes on the State of Virginia, Jefferson listed the Jerusalem Artichoke as one of the "Esculent," or edible, plants of his beloved state. In 1809, he recorded planting them at Monticello, listing them using the French common name, "Topinambours." A tender perennial that is a native of the United States, the Jerusalem Artichoke is a member of the sunflower family. Growing 7 to 10 feet tall, it shows numerous, sunflower-like blooms. It has long been cultivated for its edible tuberous roots, which are often used as substitutes for potatoes and are marketed today under the name of "Sunchokes."

Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Yellow
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4
Location at Monticello: 
Vegetable Garden
Planting Conditions: 
Full Sun
Blooming History: 
2001 Sep 21 to 2001 Oct 192002 Sep 20 to 2002 Oct 252004 Sep 10 to 2004 Oct 192005 Sep 20 to 2005 Oct 252006 Sep 20 to 2006 Oct 272007 Sep 24 to 2007 Oct 82008 Oct 1 to 2008 Oct 312009 Sep 11 to 2009 Nov 32011 Aug 15 to 2011 Oct 132012 Sep 14 to 2012 Oct 242013 Sep 28 to 2013 Oct 30
Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of Jerusalem Artichoke.

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