Jerusalem Artichoke

Helianthus tuberosa

[helianthus_tuberosa]

In his Notes on the State of Virginia, Jefferson listed the Jerusalem Artichoke as one of the "Esculent," or edible, plants of his beloved state. In 1809, he recorded planting them at Monticello, listing them using the French common name, "Topinambours." A tender perennial that is a native of the United States, the Jerusalem Artichoke is a member of the sunflower family. Growing 7 to 10 feet tall, it shows numerous, sunflower-like blooms. It has long been cultivated for its edible tuberous roots, which are often used as substitutes for potatoes and are marketed today under the name of "Sunchokes."

Growth Type: Perennial Color(s): Yellow Hardiness Zones: 4 - 10 Location at Monticello: Vegetable Garden Planting Conditions: Full Sun Map it: 38.009648,-78.451454

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Blooming Dates 2001: Sep 21 – Oct 192002: Sep 20 – Oct 252004: Sep 10 – Oct 192005: Sep 20 – Oct 252006: Sep 20 – Oct 272007: Sep 24 – Oct 82008: Oct 1 – Oct 312009: Sep 11 – Nov 32011: Aug 15 – Oct 132012: Sep 14 – Oct 242013: Sep 28 – Oct 30