Marshmallow

Althaea officinalis

[althaea_officinalis]

When Jefferson noted "marshmellow" in his 1794 list of "Objects for the garden this year," he was referring to Althaea officinalis. The genus name, "Althaea," is derived from the Greek, "altho," to cure. Leaves, flowers, and roots were used to reduce inflammations and to ease coughs and sore throats. The boiled root produces a white, gummy matter that was used internally as a demulcent, and externally on bruises and sprains. French confectioners once sweetened this starchy substance to make a paste used in sweets and desserts.

Growth Type: Perennial Color(s): White Hardiness Zones: 1 - 10 Location at Monticello: Vegetable Garden Planting Conditions: Full Sun Map it: 38.009062,-78.453085

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Blooming Dates 2000: Jan 1 – Jan 12001: May 31 – Oct 192002: Jun 14 – Aug 22003: Jun 20 – Aug 22004: Jun 16 – Jul 292005: Aug 9 – Oct 252006: Jun 16 – Aug 72006: Sep 15 – Oct 112007: Jun 14 – Aug 142008: Jul 11 – Aug 82009: Jun 19 – Aug 152010: Jun 28 – Aug 242011: Jul 7 – Sep 92012: Jun 4 – Sep 252013: Jun 10 – Jul 24