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Tree Peony

Paeonia suffruticosa

Cultivation of the Tree Peony in China dates to the seventh century. As a favorite subject of decorative design, they were known to the West through Chinese art and the descriptions of missionaries long before the flower itself was brought to Europe. Double forms arrived first in Kew gardens by the late eighteenth century and single forms followed by 1804. The British plant hunter Robert Fortune obtained thirty to forty varieties during his expedition to China sponsored by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1834. These varieties were evident in American gardens by the 1840s and 50s. Joseph Breck of Boston noted the availability of "several beautiful new specimens . . . introduced by Mr. Fortune direct from China" by mid century.

Growth Type: 
Woody Shrub
Red, Pink, Purple
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
Location at Monticello: 
West Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Part Shade
Blooming History: 
2003 Apr 18 to 2003 May 92004 Apr 23 to 2004 May 52005 Apr 19 to 2005 May 122006 Apr 13 to 2006 May 52007 Apr 13 to 2007 May 82008 Apr 10 to 2008 May 92009 Apr 17 to 2009 May 112010 Apr 8 to 2010 May 102011 Apr 19 to 2011 May 182012 Mar 26 to 2012 May 32013 Apr 24 to 2013 May 152014 Apr 25 to 2014 May 162015 Apr 20 to 2015 May 27
Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of Tree Peony.


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