Lobelia cardinalis - Cardinal Flower

Cardinal Flower

Common Name: Cardinal Flower

Scientific Name: Lobelia cardinalis

Thomas Jefferson recorded planting the Cardinal Flower in one of the oval flower beds near the house at Monticello in 1807. [1] This native perennial was introduced to Britain in 1626.[2] It was recommended for garden use by Jefferson's nurseryman friend, Bernard McMahon, in The American Gardener's Calendar, 1806,[3] and the earliest American reference comes from John Bartram in 1783.[4] At one time this flower was used by Native American Indians as a root tea for treating stomach aches, typhoid and other diseases.

The Cardinal Flower is a hardy, North American summer-flowering perennial which has brilliant scarlet flower spikes above deep, blue green basal rosette of foliage.

- Peggy Cornett, 2005

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