Charles Massie (1727 - 1817) was an Albemarle County landowner whose plantation, Spring Valley, provided apples and cider to Monticello.
Thomas Jefferson's business relationship with Massie began in 1812 and lasted until Jefferson's death in 1826; it is documented in a number of notations in Jefferson's account books and a handful of letters. Scholars have determined that Jefferson actually dealt directly with Charles Massie's son, also named Charles (1765-1830), rather than the elder Charles: the correspondence continues after the elder Massie's death, but the handwriting remains unchanged. There are nine known letters between Charles Massie the younger and Thomas Jefferson, seven of which are located at the Massachusetts Historical Society:
Jefferson to Massie, 24 August 1815
Jefferson to Massie, 18 December 1815
Massie to Jefferson, 19 December 1815
Massie to Jefferson, 20 December 1819
Jefferson to Massie, 21 December 1824
Massie to Jefferson, 24 January 1825
Jefferson to Massie, 26 October 1825
Two other letters (Jefferson to Massie, 24 October 1815, and Massie to Jefferson, 5 January 1822) are unlocated. All of the letters are brief and deal more or less exclusively with arrangements for buying, selling, and delivering cider.
Primary Source References
1812 Apr. 6. "Pd. Charles Massey for cyder at 10 1/2d pr. gallon 9.67."
1816 Dec. 22. "Pd. Charles Massie for 143. galls. cyder 143/ + 7/ for bringing = 25.D."
1817 Mar. 3. "Pd. John Wynn for Charles Massie for cyder 37.67."
Hatch, Peter J. The Fruits and Fruit Trees of Monticello. Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1998. See "Apples: 'Our Democratic Fruit'", 59-78. Contains no mention of the Massies, but does discuss cider at Monticello and, more broadly, apple cultivation in Virginia in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.