Common Name: Native Columbine
Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis
Thomas Mann Randolph, Jefferson's horticulturally astute son-in-law, observed the native or American columbine blooming at Monticello on April 30, 1791, and the species can still be found growing wild at Monticello. This ornamental flower was introduced to Europe and documented in British gardens by the 1640s. In the late 1700s, the Reverend John Banister recorded this species in Virginia, as did John Clayton in the 1750s. Bernard McMahon listed seeds for this columbine in his Broadside Catalogue (c. 1800).
This columbine is a hardy, spring-flowering North American perennial with scarlet and yellow flowers appear on tall, delicate stems above attractive, medium green foliage.
- ↑ This article is based on a Center for Historic Plants Information Sheet.
- ↑ PTJ, 20:330. See also Edwin M. Betts, Hazlehurst Bolton Perkins, and Peter J. Hatch, Thomas Jefferson's Flower Garden at Monticello, 3rd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1986), 53-54, and Lawrence D. Griffith, Flowers and Herbs of Early America (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008), 174.
- ↑ Joan Parry Dutton, Plants of Colonial Williamsburg (Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg, 1979), 99. See also Griffith, 174, and Denise Wiles Adams, Restoring American Gardens: An Encyclopedia of Heirloom Ornamental Plants, 1640-1940 (Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, Inc., 2004), 170.
- ↑ Adams, 174.
- Leighton, Ann. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1986
- McMahon, Bernard. The American Gardener's Calendar, 1806 (Charlottesville: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 1997), 151, 291, and 292
- Seeds available for purchase at Monticello Museum Shop
- Stuart, David and James Sutherland. Plants from the Past: Old Flowers for New Gardens London: Penguin Books, 1989
- Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants