Common Name: Canada or Meadow Lily, Canada Martagon
Scientific Name: Lilium canadense
Description: Hardy, Eastern North American, mid-summer flowering bulb; Broadly trumpet shaped, yellow to yellow-orange flowers with rich, maroon-red spots in the center
Size: Flower stem grows 3 to 5 feet
Cultural Information: Prefers sun to part shade; moist, humus-rich loam
USDA Zones: 2 through 7
Historical Notes: This strikingly beautiful native lily was introduced to Europe in 1620. While living in Paris in 1786, Jefferson wrote to Philadelphia nurseryman John Bartram, requesting plants of "Lilium Canadense,"and Bartram's 1783 broadside included "Lillium martagon." Bernard McMahon, also from Philadelphia, listed "Canada Martagon Lily" in his book, The American Gardener's Calendar, 1806, and early 19th-century gardener Jean Skipwith grew the "spotted Canada Martagon lily" at her southern Virginia home, Prestwould.
- ↑ This article is based on Peggy Cornett, CHP Information Sheet.
- ↑ 17 January 1786. Betts, Garden Book, 109. Jefferson bought some seeds from James Lee & Co. on April 24, 1786. See ibid, 115.
- ↑ McMahon, 461, 494, and 534.