Henry Ingle

Henry Ingle[1] was a cabinetmaker who supplied Thomas Jefferson with both cabinetwork and tools such as plane blades, sand paper, chisels, and screws. All of the earliest of the Memorandum Book entries concerning Ingle indicated that payment was for cabinetwork, while all later entries were for bills received from Ingle for building supplies and tools. The early entries were made while Ingle was in Philadelphia, while the later invoices and bills were received after Ingle had moved to Washington, D.C.[2]

In 1788 Henry Ingle advertised a house for rent in Richmond, Virginia, which he presently occupied with a Mr. Speakman.[3] A year later Ingle advertised that he was leaving Richmond and needed to settle his accounts.[4]

In 1791, the Biddle Directory of Philadelphia listed a Henry and Joseph Inglis, joiners, as living at 273 High Street. The relationship between these two Ingle gentlemen was not mentioned although it is likely they were brothers.[5] It is at this point that Ingle first appeared in Jefferson's Memorandum Books. Over the next three years Jefferson made Ingle several payments totaling $551.02 and one of £4, for which the equivalent in dollars was not given, all for cabinetwork.[6]

In 1800, Henry Ingle advertised that he would be moving from his place in Alexandria, Virginia, and was interested in renting it out.[7] Over the next six years, Ingle advertised in the newspaper three times after receiving shipments from England. These shipments included ironmongery, cutlery, tools, housewares, and other goods.[8] In 1805 and 1806 he advertised for an apprentice to learn the cabinetmaker trade, so he evidently still practiced that trade while selling other merchandise.[9] Twice, in 1808 and 1811, Ingle advertised that he was getting out of the hardware business and wished to sell his entire stock.[10] Henry Ingle was also mentioned in the Latrobe papers as having done work at the Capitol. He was paid for cabinetwork in a number of years.[11]

It also appears as if Ingle served on the board of the New Protestant Episcopal Church in Washington. He wrote a letter to Jefferson offering a pew to the Presidency. Jefferson accepted for the Presidency but declined personally as the distance to travel was too great.[12] Ingle was also in charge of auctioning off some pews and for the elections of Vestrymen and Wardens for the Washington Parish in 1809.[13]

It was while Ingle was in Washington that all of the invoices from him to Jefferson concerning hardware shipments were received. In the time period between July 17, 1803, and February 27, 1809, Jefferson paid Ingle $181.54 for various tools, supplies, writing instruments, and a writing box.[14] An audit of the estate of George Washington listed two payments to Henry Ingle, per his account; one was on May 14, 1800, and the second on March 10, 1801.[15] Nothing is known of Henry Ingle's death.

Primary Source References[16]

1791 January 20. "Ingles for cabinetwork in full L4."[17]

1791 April 8. "Pd. Henry & Joseph Ingle cash 50 Gave them order on the bank for 87.07 = 137.04 D. in full for acct. on Cabinet work."[18]

1791 September 2. "Pd. Ingles his acct. L5-17-3 = 15.63."[19]

1792 January 11. "Gave the following orders on the bank...Ingles. cabinet work 10-8 27.73."[20]

1792 July 11. "Gave order on the bank viz...H & J. Ingles in full 63.25."[21]

1793 January 7. "Henry Ingle, Cabinet work 9-15-2 = 26.02."[22]

1793 July 3. "Ingles Henry. Cabinetmaker 22.5."[23]

1793 November 23. "Pd. Ingles in full by ord. on bank 67.03."[24]

1794 April 30. "The money recd. by Crosby to be applied as follows...Henry Ingles 23."[25]

1794 October 1. "...Sampson Crosby 21.04 to pay the following debts...Henry Ingles 1.87..."[26]

1801 May 27. (Henry Ingle to Jefferson). "The table to be altered appears very good and as the alteration will exceed my expectation as to cost, I shall forbear cuting [sic] it untill [sic] I hear further from you. It is a duty I owe to my employer to state apparent objections after which I shall strictly follow directions. The making 3 single tables out of this dining table will be about 21 or 22 dolls. two new single leaf tables will afford the necessary charge cost 32 doll and the dining table may be added if occasion should require it."[27]

1801 July 10. "Gave Henry Ingles ord. on J. Barnes for 32.40 for ironmongery."[28]

1801 July 28. "Gave Henry Ingle ord. on J. Barnes for 5.62."[29]

1802 April 17. "Gave Henry Ingle ord. on J. Barnes for 10.80 for writing box & wire."[30]

1802 June 28. (Henry Ingle to Jefferson). "Agreeable to instructions from the House of Robt. Sutcliff & Co. of Sheffield, England, I have the pleasure of handing for acceptance, a small mahy. case containing a Hand brace and bitts & a few other tools. I am sorry to find them a little damaged although they were very carefully put up."[31]

1803 July 7. "Gave Henry Ingle ord. on J. Barnes for 19.625 for tools &c."[32]

1804 July 11. "Pd. Ingles for tools & ironmongery 6.625."[33]

1805 March 11. "Gave Joseph to pay...Ingle 8.105 screws."[34]

1806 October 14. (Henry Ingle to Jefferson). "Herewith you will recieve a box containing 6 Doz. 2 1/2 butt hinges, 6 Doz. back lap hinges, and 38 1/2 groce screws."[35]

1807 April 6. "Drew on bk. US. in favr. Henry Ingle for himself 54.835..."[36]

1807 October 6. (Henry Ingle to Jefferson). "At a meeting of the Vestry of Washington Parish on Thursday Augt. 20 180 o/c it was-Resolved that the Pew No. 42 in the New Protestant Episcopal Church near the Navy Yard be appropriated and kept for he President of the United States."[37]

1807 November 6. (Jefferson to Henry Ingle). "The very great pressure of business for some time before and after the meeting of Congress, obliging me to suspend nearly all correspondence, I have not till this day been able to reach your letter notifying me of the obliging offer of the use of a pew in the new Episcopal church near the Navy yard on the part of the vestry of Washington parish. I pray you to convey to them my thanks for this mark of attention, and to assure them that it would have been extremely pleasing to me to have continued a member of their congregation and to have availed myself of their kind offer, had the distance of the new building permitted it. This single circumstance obliging me to decline it, I take the liberty of mentioning it to you, that the pew may not remain unoccupied."[38]

1808 July 19. "Gave Joseph Dougherty ord...for...Henry Ingle 15. for ironmongery."[39]

1809 February 6. "...Henry Ingle. cabinet work 16.11."[40]

1809 February 27. "Henry Ingle for wire 4.50."[41]

1809 March 10. "Drew on bank U.S...in favr. of...Joseph Dougherty for Ingle for Pechin 7.92 newspapers."[42]

Footnotes

  1. This article is based on Richard Hawkins, Monticello Research Report, January 1991.
  2. MB, Jefferson to Ingle, 20 Jan 1791-10 Mar 1809.
  3. Virginia Independent Chronicle, Richmond, VA, 20 Aug 1788.
  4. Virginia Independent Chronicle and General Advertiser, Richmond, VA, 28 October, 1789.
  5. Philadelphia Directories, Ingle, 1785-1800.
  6. MB, especially 2:809, 2:815, 2:861, 2:888, and 2:898.
  7. Times and District of Columbia Advertiser, Alexandria, VA, 19 June 1800.
  8. National Intelligencer and Washington Advertiser, 2 November 1801, 10 December 1802, and 29 September 1806.
  9. American and Commercial Daily Advertiser, Baltimore, MD, 24 January 1805 and 28 October 1806.
  10.  

  11. National Intelligencer and Washington Advertiser, 18 March 1808, and 8 June 1811.
  12. Latrobe Papers, Latrobe to Madison, 3 January 1811, Message to H of R from James Madison 14 January 1811.
  13. Ingle to Jefferson, 6 October 1807, MHi 19861, Jefferson to Ingle, 6 November 1807 CSmH: 42774.
  14. National Intelligencer and Washington Advertiser, 29 March 1809.
  15.  MB, 20 Jan 1791-10 Mar 1809.
  16. 14 J-1 1806-12, Estate of Washington to Ingle, 14 May 1800-10 Mar 1801.
  17. Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.
  18.  MB, 2:810.
  19. Ibid, 2:815.
  20. Ibid, 2:832.
  21. Ibid, 2:861.
  22. Ibid, 2:875.
  23. Ibid, 2:888.
  24. Ibid, 2:898.
  25. Ibid, 2:906.
  26. Ibid, 2:914.
  27. Ibid, 2:919.
  28. PTJ, 34:191.
  29.  MB, 2:1046.
  30. Ibid, 2:1048.
  31. Ibid, 2:1070.
  32. Massachusetts Historical Society
  33.  MB, 2:1104.
  34. Ibid, 2:1132.
  35. Ibid, 2:1148.
  36. Massachusetts Historical Society
  37.  MB, 2:1201.
  38. Ibid.
  39. Huntington Library
  40. MB, 2:1228.
  41. Ibid, 2:1239.
  42. Ibid, 2:1242.
  43. Ibid, 2:1243.

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