Description: Hardy, deciduous, Eastern North American perennial; Handsome, broadly lance-shaped sterile fronds and distinctive fertile fronds bearing a mass of cinnamon-brown spores at the top in spring
Size: Grows to 36 inches high and 24 inches wide
Cultural Information: Prefers moist, fertile, humus-rich, preferably acidic soil, in light, dappled shade
USDA Zones: 4 through 8
Historical Notes: This fern grew abundantly in forests and stream banks and was first introduced to Europe by early American naturalists in 1772. While ferns were not generally planted in early American gardens the foliage was often used to pack plants for shipping.