Sites 18, 19 and 23

This small hill overlooking the confluence of the Meadow and Slate Branches saw intensive activity during Jefferson's lifetime. Three distinct areas were identified during the Planation Archeaological Survey. The largest in area and the highest in artifact density, Site 18, consists solely of artifacts associated with nail manufacturing. Wrought nails, cut nails, nail rod, charcoal, coal and slag/clinkers abound.

Sites 19 and 23 are two distinct clusters of domestic artifacts, each associated with a slave quarter. Creamware, pearlware, green bottle glass, wrought nails and hand-made brick bats all attest to the quarters being occupied during Jefferson's lifetime.

This slave quarter and nailery complex was most likely under the direct supervision of Edmund Bacon who lived at Site 17 -- located on the hill overlooking this area a hundred yards to the north.

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