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Fighting for Freedom and Equality

Freedom for Monticello's African-American residents did not bring an end to their struggles against slavery. They assisted those still in bondage by purchasing family members, forging free papers, and joining the Underground Railroad. After Emancipation, their descendants continued the campaign for liberty and equality—in public assemblies, in newspaper columns, on the battlefield during the Civil War, in confrontations with American presidents, and at southern lunch counters.

In a world based on slavery, freedom and family were often in conflict. Leaving Monticello meant leaving loved ones.

The cataclysm of civil war affected descendants of Monticello's African American families on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line.More

Descendants took stands in the continuous effort to fulfill the promise of the Declaration of Independence. 


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