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Aquilegia canadensis - Native Columbine

Native Columbine

Scientific Name: Aquilegia canadensis

Common Name: Native Columbine

Thomas Mann Randolph, Thomas Jefferson's horticulturally astute son-in-law, observed the native or American columbine blooming at Monticello on April 30, 1791, and the species can still be found growing wild at Monticello today.1 This ornamental flower was introduced to Europe and documented in British gardens by the 1640s.2 In the late 1700s, the Reverend John Banister recorded this species in Virginia, as did John Clayton in the 1750s.3 Bernard McMahon listed seeds for this columbine in his Broadside Catalogue (c. 1800).

This columbine is a hardy, spring-flowering North American perennial with scarlet and yellow flowers appearing on tall, delicate stems above attractive, medium green foliage.

- Peggy Cornett

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