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Bee Balm

Monarda didyma
This vigorous North American native was recognized as a desirable ornamental and kitchen garden plant by the early eighteenth century, and seed was sent by John Bartram to England in 1744. It was reported that by 1760 there was "plenty in covent garden market." Its citrusy flowers, which are very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds, can be used as a garnish or a spice. Bernard McMahon listed "Crimson Monarda" in his 1804 broadsheet, and Bee Balm was cited as a garden-worthy plant by major American garden writers of the nineteeth century -- Buist, Downing, Breck, and Henderson.
Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Reds
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
Location at Monticello: 
East Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Full Sun
Blooming History: 
2001 Jun 20 to 2001 Jul 182002 Jun 7 to 2002 Jul 52003 Jun 20 to 2003 Jul 172004 Jun 8 to 2004 Jul 192005 Jun 10 to 2005 Jul 152007 Jun 14 to 2007 Jul 202008 Jun 24 to 2008 Aug 82009 Jun 18 to 2009 Aug 42010 Jul 10 to 2010 Aug 312011 Jun 14 to 2011 Aug 152012 May 24 to 2012 Aug 72013 Jun 14 to 2013 Aug 212014 Jun 16 to 2014 Jul 22015 Jun 5 to 2015 Jul 282016 Jun 3 to 2016 Jul 20
Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of Bee Balm.

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