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Bee Balm

Monarda didyma
This vigorous North American native was recognized as a desirable ornamental and kitchen garden plant by the early eighteenth century, and seed was sent by John Bartram to England in 1744. It was reported that by 1760 there was "plenty in covent garden market." Its citrusy flowers, which are very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds, can be used as a garnish or a spice. Bernard McMahon listed "Crimson Monarda" in his 1804 broadsheet, and Bee Balm was cited as a garden-worthy plant by major American garden writers of the nineteeth century -- Buist, Downing, Breck, and Henderson.
Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of Bee Balm.
Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Reds
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
Location at Monticello: 
East Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Full Sun
Blooming History: 
June 20, 2001 to July 18, 2001June 7, 2002 to July 5, 2002June 20, 2003 to July 17, 2003June 8, 2004 to July 19, 2004June 10, 2005 to July 15, 2005June 14, 2007 to July 20, 2007June 24, 2008 to August 8, 2008June 18, 2009 to August 4, 2009July 10, 2010 to August 31, 2010June 14, 2011 to August 15, 2011May 24, 2012 to August 7, 2012June 14, 2013 to August 21, 2013June 16, 2014 to July 2, 2014June 5, 2015 to July 28, 2015June 3, 2016 to July 20, 2016June 7, 2017 to July 26, 2017May 30, 2018 to July 11, 2018May 27, 2019

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