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Cardinal Flower

Lobelia cardinalis
Thomas Jefferson recorded planting the Cardinal Flower in one of the oval flower beds near the house at Monticello in 1807. This native perennial was introduced to Britain in 1626. It was recommended for garden use by Jefferson's nurseryman friend, Bernard McMahon, in The American Gardener's Calendar, 1806, and the earliest American reference comes from John Bartram in 1783. At one time this flower was used by Native American Indians as a root tea for treating stomach aches, typhoid and other diseases.The Cardinal Flower is a hardy, North American summer-flowering perennial which has brilliant scarlet flower spikes above deep, blue green basal rosette of foliage.
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Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Reds
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8
Location at Monticello: 
West and East Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Partial and Full Shade
Blooming History: 
July 7, 2001 to October 4, 2001June 28, 2002 to September 6, 2002July 4, 2003 to October 17, 2003July 12, 2004 to September 10, 2004July 13, 2005 to October 10, 2005July 13, 2006 to September 15, 2006August 16, 2007 to September 7, 2007August 1, 2008 to October 31, 2008September 1, 2009 to November 3, 2009July 15, 2011 to September 29, 2011July 20, 2012 to October 1, 2012August 21, 2013 to September 28, 2013July 30, 2014 to October 7, 2014July 14, 2015 to September 24, 2015July 20, 2016 to October 14, 2016June 30, 2017 to October 6, 2017July 11, 2018 to October 25, 2018