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Cornus florida is an understory tree, native to eastern North America, that was introduced to American gardens by 1731. Philadelphia botantist and nurseryman John Bartram listed Cornus florida for sale in 1783, and Jefferson included "Dog-wood" on a list of trees in 1771. Jefferson also made several shipments of its seed to his Paris friend, Madame de Tessé. The Flowering Dogwood is the state flower of Virginia and one of the most popular small trees for residential planting in the United States.