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Nerium oleander
This superb Mediterranean shrub has been in cultivation since 1596. In America, Oleanders were popular as greenhouse specimens by the late eighteenth century and George Washington grew them in containers at Mount Vernon. The Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon offered oleanders in 1810 under the name "Bay Rose." This is a species form with simple flowers which are somewhat smaller than the hybrids grown today. It produces intensely fragrant, bright pink flowers throughout the summer. Long, leathery, lance-shaped leaves grow in whorls along erect branches.
Growth Type: 
Woody Shrub
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 8, Zone 9, Zone 10
Location at Monticello: 
South Portico
Planting Conditions: 
Part Shade
Blooming History: 
2002 Jun 28 to 2002 Oct 162003 Jan 28 to 2003 Apr 112003 Jul 4 to 2003 Aug 152004 Jan 31 to 2004 Oct 262005 May 27 to 2005 Oct 252006 Jun 1 to 2006 Oct 272007 Jul 20 to 2007 Oct 262010 Apr 6 to 2010 May 242012 May 24 to 2012 Aug 242013 Apr 24 to 2013 Oct 172014 Jul 2 to 2014 Oct 172016 Aug 5 to 2016 Oct 14
Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of Oleander.


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