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Red Valerian

Centranthus ruber
This showy perennial, also known as Jupiter's Beard and Keys of Heaven, is native to the Mediterranean regions of Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and Turkey. Red Valerian, not to be confused with True Valerian (Valeriana officinalis), was used in ancient times in primitive embalming efforts. It forms a many-branched, woody-based plant with fleshy, blue-green foliage and dense clusters of flowers that re-seed readily. Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon listed this perennial as "Valeriana rubra--Red Garden Valerian" in his American Gardener's Calendar, 1806.
Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Reds, Pink, Purple
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
Location at Monticello: 
West Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Full Sun
Blooming History: 
2001 May 11 to 2001 Nov 152002 Apr 15 to 2002 Nov 82003 May 6 to 2003 Jul 142004 May 5 to 2004 Jul 192005 May 19 to 2005 Nov 82006 Apr 20 to 2006 Nov 152007 Apr 30 to 2007 Nov 152008 May 2 to 2008 Nov 102009 May 19 to 2009 Sep 12018 Jun 20 to 2018 Jul 18
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