Meet People

"I have my house to build, my feilds to form, and to watch for the happiness of those who labor for mine," Jefferson declared in 1793.  During his lifetime, Jefferson owned more than 600 enslaved people and hired more than 100 white artisans to work on his plantations.  Of those, Monticello staff historians have identified 87 known individuals who likely lived and worked on Mulberry Row.  The biographies of some of these enslaved workers, hired white artisans, indentured servants, free blacks, hired slaves, and members of Jefferson’s household are chronicled here.  Their lives and stories convey the complex and dynamic world of Monticello’s main plantation street.

Edmund Bacon

1785–1866
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Overseer

David Barnet

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Sawyer

Bartlet

b. 1786
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:General Laborer, Lime Burner

Ben

b. 1785
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

George Bradby

d. 1778
Male Free Black
Work:General Laborer
Male Hired Slave
Work:Shoemaker

Cary

ca. 1785–sold 1803
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner, Nailer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Bricklayer, Carpenter, Mason

Brown Colbert

1785–after 1831
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

Burwell Colbert

1783–1862
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

Benjamin Colvard

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Davy

b. 1785
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner, Nailer, Sawyer

James Dinsmore

ca. 1771–1830
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner, Manager

Dolly

b. 1794
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Weaver

Edmund

d. 1810
Male Hired Slave
Work:Field Laborer

Eliza

b. 1805
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Quiller
Male Hired Slave
Work:Sawyer

Gideon Fitz

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Joseph Fossett

1780–1858
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Nailer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Frank

1757-1809
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner

Humphrey Gaines

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Anthony Giannini

1747–after 1811
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Gardener, Vigneron

Agnes Gillette

1798–1817
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Spinner

Barnaby Gillette

1783–after 1827
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Cook, Nailer

Israel Gillette

1800–c. 1879
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Carder

George Granger, Jr.

1759–1799
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Manager, Nailer

George Granger, Sr.

1730–1799
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Overseer
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Nailer, Tinsmith

Ursula Granger

1737–1800
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Cook, Dairymaid, Laundress, Nursemaid

Critta Hemings

b. 1769
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:

Elizabeth (Betty) Hemings

1735–1807
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Domestic Servant

Eston Hemings

1808-1856
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Joiner

Harriet Hemings

1801–after 1822
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Spinner

James Hemings

b. 1787
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

Madison Hemings

1805–1877
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Joiner

Nance Hemings

1761–post 1827
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Brewer, Cook, Weaver

Peter Hemings

1770–after 1834
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Brewer, Cook, Spinner, Tailor

Sally Hemings

b. 1773–1835
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Domestic Servant

John Hemmings

1776–1833
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Carpenter, Joiner

Priscilla Hemmings

ca.1776–1830
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Nursemaid

Cretia Hern

b. 1779
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Spinner

David Hern, Jr.

1784–after 1829
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Charcoal-burner, Nailer, Wagoner

John Hern

b. 1800
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Carder

Mary Hern

b. 1780
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Weaver

Moses Hern

1779–after 1832
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Field Laborer, Nailer

Randall Hern

b. 1802
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Carder

Ben Hix

1784–1799
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

Kit Hix

b. 1786
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

John Holmes

d. 1801
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner

H. Hough

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner

Phil Hubbard

1786–1819
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer, Sawyer

James Hubbard

1783–after 1812
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner, Nailer, Stonecutter

Wormley Hughes

1781–1858
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Coachman, Gardener, Hostler

Isabel

1800–1822
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Spinner

Isaiah

b. 1800
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Carder

Jenny

Female Enslaved Worker
Work:

John

b. 1785
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer

Jupiter

1743–1800
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Coachman, Hostler, Stonecutter, Valet
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Weaver

Lewis

1758/60–1822
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Carpenter, Field Laborer, Joiner

Lewis

b. 1788
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Overseer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Mason

Maria

b. 1798
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Spinner

James McGee

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Weaver

Nanny

b. 1799
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Spinner

John Neilson

d. 1827
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter, Joiner

James Oldham

d. 1843
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Blacksmith

John M. Perry

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Reuben Perry

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter
Female Jefferson Household
Work:Manager

Thomas Mann Randolph

1768–1828
Male Jefferson Household
Work:Manager
Male Indentured Servant
Work:Stonecutter

Richard Richardson

b. ca. 1775
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Bricklayer, Overseer, Plasterer

---- Robinson

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Sawyer

Sally

b. 1797
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:Weaver

Shepherd

b. 1782
Male Enslaved Worker
Work:Nailer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Nailer

Suck

b. 1758
Female Enslaved Worker
Work:

Thomas Walker

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner