Herbs

Thomas Jefferson listed 16 herbs in his Garden Book in 1794 under "Objects for the garden this year":[1]

  • sage [Salvia officinalis]
  • balm [Melissa officinalis - known as lemon balm]
  • mint [Mentha piperita]
  • thyme [Thymus vulgaris]
  • lavender [Lavandula angustifolia]
  • marjoram [Majorana hortensis]
  • camomile [chamomile - Anthemis nobilis]
  • tansey [tansy - Tanacetum vulgare]
  • rue [Ruta graveolens]
  • wormwood [Artemisia absinthium]
  • southernwood [Artemisia abrotanum]
  • rosemary [Rosmarinus officinalis]
  • hyssop [Hyssopus officinalis]
  • perywinkle [periwinkle - Vinca minor]
  • marshmellow [marshmallow - Althaea officinalis]
  • beargrass [Yucca filamentosa]

A number of specific herbs were also listed in a notebook belonging to Martha Jefferson Randolph:[2]

  • sweet marjoram
  • sweet basil
  • tansey
  • savory
  • gar[ ]
  • thyme
  • southernwood
  • sage
  • [ ]lm
  • mint
  • worm wood
  • catnip
  • camomile
  • hyssop
  • fennel
  • anise
  • mustard
  • carraway
  • [cori?]ander
  • lavender
  • madder
  • rosemary
  • rhubarb
  • calamas
  • [ ]m seed

This does not constitute an exhaustive listing of herbs grown at Monticello, however; for further references to herbs, see Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book.

Footnotes

  1. Betts, Garden Book, 208. Manuscript and trascription at the Massachusetts Historical Society.
  2. Randolph, Martha Jefferson. Martha Jefferson Randolph Note and Cash Book,University of Virginia. [1826]. p. 29. Transcription by Lucia Stanton, 28 October 1988.

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