Philadelphia was the financial and cultural center of the colonies and the early republic in Thomas Jefferson's time. Because of its central location, it was selected to be the location for the Continental Congress, then the Federal Government from 1790 until 1800, when was moved to Washington, D.C.

Jefferson visited the city in 1766 to be inoculated against smallpox; in 1775, 1776,[1] 1782, 1783, and 1784 as a member of Congress; 1790-1794 as Secretary of State; and 1797-1800 as Vice President.


Jefferson's Residences in Philadelphia

  • 1775 June-May 22 1776. Benjamin Randolph's residence
  • 1776 May 23-September. Graff House. 7th and Market St.
  • 1783 January-April. Mrs. House residence
  • 1783 October 30-May 1784. Mrs. House residence
  • 1790 September 3-7. Mrs. House residence
  • 1791 May-April 1793. Thomas Leiper's on 274 High Street
  • 1793 April-September. Gray's Ferry
  • 1793 September-November. Germantown
  • 1793 November 30-January 5 1794. Graff House. 7th and Market St.
  • 1797 March. James Madison's
  • 1797 May-May 1800. John Francis' Hotel


  1. Martha Jefferson never accompanied her husband on any of his stays in Philadelphia, despite portrayals to the contrary in popular media such as the play/film 1776.

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