Common Name: Purple Coneflower
Scientific Name: Echinacea purpurea
Description: Summer-blooming, herbaceous North American perennial; Showy, deep-pink, daisy-like flowers on tall stems above a thick clump of deep green foliage
Size: Grows 3 to 4 feet in height by 2 to 3 feet wide
Cultural Information: Prefers full sun to light shade and well-drained garden loam; drought tolerant; plant the crown at ground level
USDA Zones: 3 through 9
Historical Notes: Native to central and southeastern United States, this showy perennial was first sent to Europe by Reverend John Banister, an English chaplain sent to Virginia by Bishop Compton in 1678. John Clayton collected this plant from Virginia and sent it to Europe in the 1700s. In the 19th century, Thomas Fessenden, an important American garden writer, commented on coneflowers: "Many flowers-€¦very durable-€¦much admired."
Known as Echinacea by most people, the Purple Coneflower is said to have medicinal purposes, such as alleviating symptoms of the common cold.
- ↑ This article is based on a Center for Historic Plants Information Sheet.
- ↑ Lawrence D. Griffith, Flowers and Herbs of Early America (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008), 180. Joan Dutton states that the plant was in France via Canada by the early 1600s. See Joan Parry Dutton, Plants of Colonial Williamsburg (Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg, 1979), 98.
- ↑ Griffith, 180.
- ↑ Ibid.
- Adams, Denise Wiles. Restoring American Gardens: An Encyclopedia of Heirloom Ornamental Plants, 1640-1940 Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, Inc., 2004
- Seeds available for purchase at Monticello Museum Shop
- Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants