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No article yet exists on this topic. The following are primary source references to toys compiled by Monticello researchers.

Primary Source References[1]

1785 September 11. (Jefferson to John Langdon). "P.S...I beg leave to renew my acquaintance with Miss Langdon by sending her a Doll of the present mode, dressed in Muslin, a mode which prevailing here to an almost total exclusion of silk, has literally and truly starved a great number of people. I add to it a box in which she will find a small gentleman who will teach her a short-handed and graceful manner of going down stairs."[2]

1785 December 7. (John Langdon to Jefferson). "Our dear Bets, begs leave to present you with her grateful thanks, for the great honor you have been pleased to confer on her, in sending such an agreeable present: all Companies who come into the house must be entertained with the sight of her doll, and tumbling gentlemen; and she does not fail to confess her obligations to Governor Jefferson."[3]


  1. Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.
  2. Library of Congress. The postscript was missing from Jefferson's press copy printed in PTJ, 8:512-513; the editors have since received a copy of the recipient's copy, with its two-part postscript-the first part about Algerine capture of American vessels.
  3. PTJ, 9:84-85.


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