Thomas Jefferson first planted "China pinks" at Shadwell, his birthplace, in 1767 and at Monticello in 1807. Also known as Indian pinks, the species was introduced from China and has been cultivated in Europe and America since the early 18th century. (Lady Skipwith and John Bartram mention this plant in the first half of the 18th century.)  Jefferson grew other various types of Dianthus at Monticello in his 1807 oval flower beds. He lists the carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) and sweet William (Dianthus barbatus).

Also known as "clove pink", this showy annual (or short-lived perennial) has dark-green, grass-like foliage and large single flowers with fringed petals in colorful patterns of pink and crimson to white that bloom from late May until late fall.

Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of China Pinks.

Typical Blooming Dates: Late May - September
Growth Type: Perennial
Color(s): Reds
Hardiness Zones: 1-10
Location at Monticello: West Lawn
Planting Conditions: Full Sun