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Thomas Jefferson listed 16 herbs in his garden book in 1794 under "Objects for the garden this year":[1]

  • sage [Salvia officinalis]
  • balm [Melissa officinalis - known as lemon balm]
  • mint [Mentha piperita]
  • thyme [Thymus vulgaris]
  • lavender [Lavandula angustifolia]
  • marjoram [Majorana hortensis]
  • camomile [chamomile - Anthemis nobilis]
  • tansey [tansy - Tanacetum vulgare]
  • rue [Ruta graveolens]
  • wormwood [Artemisia absinthium]
  • southernwood [Artemisia abrotanum]
  • rosemary [Rosmarinus officinalis]
  • hyssop [Hyssopus officinalis]
  • perywinkle [periwinkle - Vinca minor]
  • marshmellow [marshmallow - Althaea officinalis]
  • beargrass [Yucca filamentosa]

Martha Jefferson Randolph's notebook includes a list of specific herbs:[2]

  • sweet marjoram
  • sweet basil
  • tansey
  • savory
  • gar[ ]
  • thyme
  • southernwood
  • sage
  • [ ]lm
  • mint
  • worm wood
  • catnip
  • camomile
  • hyssop
  • fennel
  • anise
  • mustard
  • carraway
  • [cori?]ander
  • lavender
  • madder
  • rosemary
  • rhubarb
  • calamas
  • [ ]m seed

For further references to herbs, see Thomas Jefferson's complete garden book.[fn]Garden Book, 1766-1824, by Thomas Jefferson [electronic edition]Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2003

References

  1. ^ Garden Book, 1766-1824, page 28Thomas Jefferson Papers: An Electronic Archive (Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2003). See also Betts, Garden Book, 208.
  2. ^ See page 29 in Note and Cash Book Owned by Martha Jefferson Randolph, 1824-1826, Accession #5385-g, Special Collections, University of Virginia Library. Transcription by Lucia Stanton, October 28, 1988.