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"I have my house to build, my feilds to form, and to watch for the happiness of those who labor for mine," Jefferson declared in 1793. During his lifetime, Jefferson owned more than 600 enslaved people and hired more than 100 white artisans to work on his plantations. Of those, Monticello staff historians have identified 87 known individuals who likely lived and worked on Mulberry Row. The biographies of some of these enslaved workers, hired white artisans, indentured servants, free blacks, hired slaves, and members of Jefferson’s household are chronicled here. Their lives and stories convey the complex and dynamic world of Monticello’s main plantation street.
1785–1866
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Overseer
David Barnet
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Sawyer
Bartlet
b. 1786
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
General Laborer, Lime Burner
Ben
b. 1785
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
d. 1778
Male
Free Blacks
Work:
General Laborer
Male
Hired Slaves
Work:
Shoemaker
ca. 1785–sold 1803
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner, Nailer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Bricklayer, Carpenter, Mason
Burwell Colbert
1783–1862
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
1785–after 1831
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
Benjamin Colvard
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Davy
b. 1785
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner, Nailer, Sawyer
ca. 1771–1830
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner, Manager
Dolly
b. 1794
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Weaver
d. 1810
Male
Hired Slaves
Work:
Field Laborer
Eliza
b. 1805
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Quiller
Male
Hired Slaves
Work:
Sawyer
Gideon Fitz
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
1780–1858
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Nailer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Frank
1757-1809
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner
Humphrey Gaines
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
1747–after 1811
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Gardener, Vigneron
1783–after 1827
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Cook, Nailer
Israel Gillette
1800–c. 1879
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Carder
Agnes Gillette
1798–1817
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Spinner
1737–1800
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Cook, Dairymaid, Laundress, Nursemaid
1730–1799
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Overseer
1775–1846
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Nailer, Tinsmith
1759–1799
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Manager, Nailer
1761–post 1827
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Brewer, Cook, Weaver
Eston Hemings
1808-1856
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Joiner
James Hemings
b. 1787
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
Harriet Hemings
1801–after 1822
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Spinner
Madison Hemings
1805–1877
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Joiner
Sally Hemings
b. 1773–1835
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Domestic Servant
1770–after 1834
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Brewer, Cook, Spinner, Tailor
Critta Hemings
b. 1769
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Elizabeth (Betty) Hemings
1735–1807
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Domestic Servant
1776–1833
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Carpenter, Joiner
ca.1776–1830
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nursemaid
1784–after 1829
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Charcoal-burner, Nailer, Wagoner
Cretia Hern
b. 1779
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Spinner
Randall Hern
b. 1802
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Carder
Mary Hern
b. 1780
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Weaver
John Hern
b. 1800
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Carder
1779–after 1832
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Field Laborer, Nailer
Ben Hix
1784–1799
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
Kit Hix
b. 1786
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
d. 1801
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
H. Hough
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner
Phil Hubbard
1786–1819
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer, Sawyer
1783–after 1812
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner, Nailer, Stonecutter
1781–1858
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Coachman, Gardener, Hostler
Isabel
1800–1822
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Spinner
Isaiah
b. 1800
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Carder
Jenny
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
John
b. 1785
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
1743–1800
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Coachman, Hostler, Stonecutter, Valet
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Weaver
Lewis
b. 1788
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
1758/60–1822
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Carpenter, Field Laborer, Joiner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Overseer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Mason
b. 1798
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Spinner
James McGee
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Weaver
Nanny
b. 1799
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Spinner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter, Joiner
d. 1827
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
d. 1843
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Blacksmith
John M. Perry
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Reuben Perry
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
1790–1836
Female
Jefferson Household
Work:
Manager
1768–1828
Male
Jefferson Household
Work:
Manager
Male
Indentured Servants
Work:
Stonecutter
b. ca. 1775
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Bricklayer, Overseer, Plasterer
---- Robinson
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Sawyer
Sally
b. 1797
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Weaver
Shepherd
b. 1782
Male
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Nailer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Nailer
Suck
b. 1758
Female
Enslaved Workers
Work:
Thomas Walker
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner

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