Sesame

Sesamum indicum

[sesamum_orientale]

Detail of Sesame FlowerFew plants excited Jefferson's enthusiasm as much as Sesame. In 1807, he received a sample of Sesame oil and was struck by its flavor as a salad dressing as well as by the plant's success in Georgia, where it had been introduced as "Benne" by enslaved Africans. "I did not believe there existed so perfect a substitute for olive oil," he wrote not long after his first taste. Certain that it could thrive in Virginia and elsewhere in the United States, he avidly wrote to acquaintances of its virtues, sometimes enclosing seeds and sowing instructions. His own early efforts to extract oil from the tiny seeds of the Sesame plant did not meet with great success, and by 1811, after three years of trying, he had only "two or three bushels" and a "gallon of oil" to show for it. Still, he recorded sowing Sesame in seven of the following fifteen years. He generally referred to it as Benni, though he also varied the spelling as Beni, Beny, or Benney.

Growth Type: Annual Color(s): White Hardiness Zones: 1 - 10 Location at Monticello: Vegetable Garden Planting Conditions: Full Sun

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Blooming Dates 2001: Jul 18 – Oct 122002: Jun 28 – Sep 272003: Aug 2 – Sep 262004: Aug 13 – Sep 292005: Jul 28 – Sep 82006: Jul 11 – Sep 152007: Jul 20 – Sep 282008: Jul 11 – Oct 132009: Jul 10 – Sep 112010: Jun 28 – Oct 152011: Aug 5 – Sep 292012: Jul 20 – Oct 12014: Jul 17 – current