The Rose Border is a collection of China, Gallica, Musk, Moss, Damask, and other once-blooming, antique and species roses. This double border peaks in May, and is celebrated in the Center’s annual Wine and Roses Open House, typically held on the third Saturday of May. The first rose to bloom here is the European Scotch Briar Rose (Rosa pimpinellifolia), bearing single, creamy-white flowers with a boss of bright yellow stamens, followed by perfectly round, wine-red hips; this is likely the “Prim rose,” one of ten rose varieties ordered by Thomas Jefferson from the William Prince Nursery on Long Island in 1791. Also included in Jefferson’s rose order and grown in the border is the semi-double Rosa Mundi (Rosa gallica versicolor); the oldest striped rose (pre-1581) with unusual crimson and white-variegated petals. According to legend, it was named for Henry II’s mistress, Fair Rosamund. The flowering of this collection is carried into late June by the Prairie Rose (Rosa setigera), a North American native with single, pale to deep pink flowers beloved by pollinators.

Amanda Patenotte   Portland pre-1846
American Swamp Rose R. palustris scandens Species 1726
Apothecary's Rose R. gallica officinalis Gallica Ancient
"Arcata Pink Globe"   Hybrid Setigera Found
Baltimore Belle   Hybrid Setigera 1843
Baronne Prévost   Hybrid Perpetual 1842
Belle Isis   Gallica 1845
Cardinal de Richelieu   Gallica c. 1840
Chapeau de Napoleon   Centifolia 1827
Charles de Mills   Gallica pre-1790
Complicata   Gallica pre-1800
Coquettes des Blanches   Bourbon 1867
"Darlow's Enigma"   Hybrid Musk Found
Double Carolina Rose R. carolina var. plena Species  
Double Chestnut Rose R. roxburghii plena Species 1824
Double Musk Rose R. moschata plena Species Ancient
"Elegant Gallica"   Gallica Found
Great Western   Bourbon 1838
Ispahan   Damask pre-1832
Kazanlik R. damascena trigintipetala Damask pre-1612
Laneii   Moss 1854
Marquise Boccella   Portland 1868
May Queen   Hybrid Wichurana 1898
"Millbrook"   Gallica Found
"Millbrook Rail Fence"     Found
Pink Léda   Damask pre-1949
Pompon de Bourgogne   Centifolia pre-1664
Prairie Rose R. setigera  Species 1810
Pride of Washington   Hybrid Setigera pre-1846
Rose d'Amour R. virginiana plena Species 1768
Rosa Mundi R. gallica versicolor Gallica Ancient
"Ruth's Double White Scotch Briar"   Scotch Rose Found
Salt Spray Rose R. rugosa Rugosa 1796
Scotch Briar Rose R. pimpinellifolia Scotch Rose pre-1600
Shailer's Provence   Centifolia 1799
Tuscany   Gallica pre-1500
Tuscany Superb   Gallica 1848
William Lobb   Moss 1855