Mulberry Row was the dynamic, industrial hub of Jefferson’s 5,000-acre agricultural enterprise.  As the principal plantation street, it was the center of work and domestic life for dozens of people — free whites, free blacks, indentured servants, and enslaved people.  It was populated by more than 20 dwellings, workshops, and storehouses between 1770 and the sale of Monticello in 1831.

Family, labor, economy, punishment, and resistance shaped the lives of free and enslaved men, women, and children. 

Indentured servants, enslaved men and women, hired white artisans, and free blacks lived and worked on Mulberry Row. 

Mulberry Row laborers worked as skilled weavers, spinners, blacksmiths, tinsmiths, nail-makers, carpenters, house joiners, gardeners, stablemen, and domestic servants.

Drawing of the workmen's house.

More than 20 structures were built on Mulberry Row during Jefferson’s lifetime, including the joiner’s shop, workmen’s house, nailery, and Negro quarter.


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