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Bartholomew Kindred

Bartholomew Kindred (? - 1805) worked as a weaver for Thomas Jefferson during the American Revolution. Kindred and his wife Mary had a son Thomas, who was a waterman. Bartholomew Kindred is mentioned a number of times in Jefferson's Memorandum Books.  Some entries deal with supplies Jefferson provided to Kindred while he worked at Monticello between 1776 and 1782 (beef, bacon, corn, wheat); there are also references to what Kindred owed at Jefferson's blacksmith shop. There are also three references to Thomas Kindred: payments for fish and for transporting molasses, brandy, and furniture up from Richmond.1 Bartholomew Kindred's will was proved October 7, 1805, meaning he died (probably shortly) before that date.2 The will mentions his wife Mary, son Thomas (and Thomas' wife Mary), son William, a "Miland Powers," wife of Norborne Powers (possibly a daughter Melinda), grandsons Edward and Josiah, and about 180 acres of land that seems to be near Monticello. Weaving apparatus appears in the inventory.

- Lucia Stanton, 9/23/97

Primary Source References

1776 April 3. "Sent Kindred 22 lb. of beef."3

1776 Apri 26. "Sent (as we guess) 20 lb. bacon 8 lb. beef to Kindred."4

1777 March 10. "Gave Barth. Kindred order on Mr. Cox for 5. barrels corn @ market price & 120. bushels wheat @ 2/6, the latter being instead of the former order for 80. bushels."5

1777 March 25. "Charge Kindred the 5. Barr. corn ordered Mar. 10 @ 2/6 by lre. from Mr. Cox."6

1779 February 8. "I am to stop 10/ in my hands due to Isaac Jackson to B. Kindred."7

1782 January 12. "Charge T. Garth £150 paper he recd. in Sep. 1781. of Kindred & ommitted to credit."8

1782 September 18. "B. Kindred's tax (the whole) paiable in tobo. @25/ 16."9

1782 October 25. "Agreed with B. Kindred to continue another year without his son. I am to give him 500 lb. meat, 5 Barr. corn, 1/2 bush. salt & fodder as usual. he is to have half the earnings of the shop. For the last year he is to have 5/8 & 1 3/8 of the earnings."10

1783 August 16. "Barth. Kindred. 1782 March 13-9."11

1794 December 11. "Pd. Kindred for fish furnished last spring 3/."12

1796 March 22. "Gave T. Kindred ord. on Flem. & Mclan. for 35/ out of my nail money for bringing up a hhd. molasses wt. 14. @ 2/6."13

1797 October 9. "Directed him to pay Bart. Kindred 31.67 for 3 beeves. (part for Davenpt)."14

1797 October 27.  (Statement of Account with William Davenport).  "to 425 ¾ ℔ beef from Kindred (part of 820. ℔) 4-18-8"15

1797 October 27. "Charge W. Davenport £4-18-8 of the £9-10 pd. to Kindred Oct. 9."16

1801 August 24.  (George Jefferson to Thomas Jefferson).  "I sent you a few days ago by Thomas Kindred the articles contained in the memorandum which I brought down with me—together with 4 dozen chairs which came from Philadelphia."17

1801 August 29. "Paid Thos. Kindred for water carriage 14.75."18

1805 March 21. "Gave note to B. Kindred for 50.D. in charity."19

Further Sources


  • 1. Jefferson's wife Martha kept notes on the work of the textile shop during part of the time Kindred was in charge. These can be viewed on the Library of Congress website.
  • 2. Albemarle County Will Book, 4:182-3, 185-6. (Also includes an estate inventory.)  See also Woods, Albemarle County, 399.
  • 3. MB, 1:415.
  • 4. Ibid., 1:416.
  • 5. Ibid., 1:440.
  • 6. Ibid., 1:441.
  • 7. Ibid., 1:475.
  • 8. Ibid., 1:517.
  • 9. Ibid., 1:522.
  • 10. Ibid., 1:523.
  • 11. Ibid., 1:533.
  • 12. Ibid., 2:922.
  • 13. Ibid., 2:938.
  • 14. Ibid., 2:971.
  • 15. PTJ, 30:600.
  • 16. MB, 2:972.
  • 17. PTJ, 35:137.  The annotation indicates that "On 21 Aug., George Jefferson provided Thomas Kindred with a receipt for the goods he had received from Gibson & Jefferson 'to deliver in good order to Thomas Jefferson esquire at Milton he paying the freight.' The items included “four dozen Chairs, one barrel, one keg, and two small boxes.” A note indicated that the bottom of one chair was split. A list of charges for 14 gallons of brandy, 1 cask of porter, 1 dozen bottles of syrup punch, 1 dozen tumblers, and a cask for brandy for a total of £19.3.3 was provided on the bottom half of the sheet (MS in MHi; entirely in George Jefferson’s hand, including Edward Kindred’s mark as received for Thomas Kindred; endorsed by TJ as received from George Jefferson on 27 Aug.).
  • 18. MB, 2:1050.
  • 19. Ibid., 2:1149.
Related Links:
McMahon's Texas Bird Pepper: A Pretty Little Plant
Monticello as Experiment:‘To Try All Things’
Monticello, the House


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