Monticello's gardens and grounds were nourished generously by a society of Virginian, American, African, and international gardeners and botanists, who forwarded Jefferson countless seeds, bulbs, and grafting wood.
As sites for tours and workshops, the gardens themselves are a significant part of the museum's collections. Specific landscape elements either recreated or existing since Jefferson's time include (among others):
the North orchard (a replanting of 125 specimen cider apple trees based on interpretive research)
The Foundation's Department of Gardens and Grounds and its Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants research, collect, cultivate (in Monticello's gardens and surrounding nurseries), and distribute hundred of plants that have either a direct connection to Jefferson and Monticello or to the historic gardens of North America. Its educational programs include: