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James Madison Randolph (1806-1834) was the eighth child and second son of Martha Jefferson Randolph and Thomas Mann Randolph. Grandson of Thomas Jefferson, James was born at the President's House, now known as the White House, during Martha's second visit to her father in Washington, D.C.[1]

Randolph was educated at home and in schools in Albemarle County, like most of his brothers, at Jefferson's expense. In 1825, he attended the first session of classes held at the University of Virginia.[2] Of a gentle and quiet nature, Randolph never married and lived alone, running one of the smaller family farms until the property had to be sold. He died after a brief illness at Tufton, his older brother's estate, at the age of 28.[3]


Further Sources


  1. ^ See Collected Papers to Commemorate Fifty Years of the Monticello Association of Descendants of Thomas Jefferson, ed. George Green Shackelford (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965), 148. See also Jefferson to Martha Jefferson Randolph, November 25, 1805, in Family Letters, 283, 283n4 (transcription available at Founders Online); Ellen Wayles Randolph to Jefferson, January 30, 1807, in Family Letters, 295, 295n4 (transcription available at Founders Online).
  2. ^ See Jefferson to Francis Eppes, February 6, 1818, in PTJ:RS, 12:435 (transcription available at Founders Online); MB, 2:1360, 2:1360n29 (transcription available at Founders Online); MB, 2:1410, 2:1410n56 (transcription available at Founders Online).
  3. ^ Martha Jefferson Randolph to Ann Cary Randolph Morris, February 16, 1834, Smith-Houston-Morris-Ogden Family Papers, American Philosophical Society. Transcription available at Jefferson Quotes and Family Letters.