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Cedrus libani - Cedar of Lebanon
Common Name: Cedar of Lebanon
Scientific Name: Cedrus libani
Primary Source References
1805 October 26. (Jefferson to Madame de Tessé). "Were it not for this [irregularities on the ocean by belligerent powers], I would ask you to send me by some occasion...some seeds of the Cedrus Lebani which you have in the Jardin des plantes...but I should only expose myself to the mortification of losing them."1
1807 April 11. "Nursery. begun in bed next the pales, on the lower side, where Gen. Jackson's peaches end to wit within 2. f. of the 4th. post from the S.E. corner...3. Decrus Libani. Cedar of Lebanon, 2. rows...seeds recd. from Doct Gouan at Montpelier."2
1808 March 2. "Pd. Holt for 4 cones of Cedar of Lebanon 1.D."3
1810 January 13. (Jefferson to Bernard McMahon). "the Cedar of Lebanon & Cork oak are two trees I have long wished to possess. but, even if you have them, they could only come by water, & in charge of a careful individual, of which opportunities rarely occur."4
1811 March 10. "Plants. Cedar of Lebanon."5
1812 February 16. (Jefferson to Bernard McMahon). "never expecting so good an opportunity again, & so seasonable a one, I will still add a little to my former wants so as to put me in possession once for all of every thing to which my views extend, & which I do not now possess....Cedar of Lebanon."6
1812 March 21. "Nursery. 9th [terras]. [planted] Cedar of Lebanon...thro the whole...All these were sent me from Edinburgh by Mr. Ronaldson."7
1812 April 2. "Planted in the old boxes No...13. Cedar of Lebanon."8
1812 November 2. (James Ronaldson to Jefferson). "I am sorry at not having it in my power to give you some of the European Ash, Scots fir, Silver fir, cedar of Lebanon &c &c having handed all that class over to Mr McMahon, with him however they will be in good keeping; and have the best chance of being introduced into the Nation"9
1826 April 27. (Jefferson to P. Emmet). "The trees I should propose [for the University of Virginia botanical garden] would be exotics of distinguished usefulness, and accommodated to our climate; such as the Larch, Cedar of Libanus...Cones of the Cedar of Libanus are in most of our seed shops, but may be had fresh from the trees in the English gardens..."10
- Adams, Denise Wiles. Restoring American Gardens: An Encyclopedia of Heirloom Ornamental Plants, 1640-1940. Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 2004.
- Betts, Edwin M., Hazlehurst Bolton Perkins, and Peter J. Hatch. Thomas Jefferson's Flower Garden at Monticello, 3rd ed. Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1986.
- Leighton, Ann. American Gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Amherst, Mass.: University of Massachusetts Press, 1986.
Betts, Garden Book, 306.
- 2. Gouan was a professor of botany at Montpellier, France. Ibid., 333.
- 3. MB, 2:1220.
- 4. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-02-02-0108
- 5. Desiderata list of plants in Jefferson's hand on Bernard McMahon's letter of March 10.
- 6. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-04-02-0388
- 7. Betts, Garden Book, 475. Manuscript and transcription at the Massachusetts Historical Society.
- 8. Ibid., 476.
- 9. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Jefferson/03-05-02-0369
- 10. Polygraph copy at the Library of Congress.