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Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower is native to the central and southeastern United States and is valued for its showy pink, daisy-like flowers and its drought tolerance. It was first exported to Europe in 1699 by John Banister, an English chaplain sent to Virginia by Bishop Compton in 1678.[fn]Lawrence D. Griffith, Flowers and Herbs of Early America (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008), 180. Joan Dutton states that the plant was in France via Canada by the early 1600s. See Joan Parry Dutton, Plants of Colonial Williamsburg (Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1979), 98.[/fn] John Clayton collected this plant from Virginia and sent it to Europe in the 1700s.[fn]Griffith, Flowers and Herbs, 180.[/fn] In the 19th century, Thomas Fessenden, an important American garden writer, commented on coneflowers: "many flowers," "very durable," "much admired."[fn]Thomas G. Fessenden, The New American Gardener (Boston: Russell, Odiorne & Co., 1835), 126.[/fn]Known as Echinacea by most people, the purple coneflower is said to have medicinal purposes, such as alleviating symptoms of the common cold.[fn]Griffith, Flowers and Herbs, 180.[/fn]Further Sources
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Growth Type: 
Perennial
Color(s): 
Pink
Hardiness Zones: 
Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9
Location at Monticello: 
West Lawn
Planting Conditions: 
Full and Partial Shade
Blooming History: 
June 7, 2001 to November 1, 2001June 7, 2002 to September 6, 2002May 23, 2003 to August 28, 2003June 8, 2004 to August 27, 2004September 10, 2004 to December 3, 2004June 17, 2005 to September 8, 2005June 23, 2006 to September 15, 2006May 29, 2007 to September 7, 2007June 6, 2008 to August 29, 2008June 19, 2009 to September 1, 2009June 18, 2010 to September 1, 2010June 13, 2011 to August 15, 2011May 24, 2012 to November 14, 2012May 31, 2013 to October 3, 2013June 16, 2014 to August 13, 2014May 18, 2015 to October 7, 2015May 5, 2016 to November 12, 2016June 20, 2018 to October 26, 2018May 8, 2019

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