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Archibald Stuart (March 19, 1757 - July 11, 1832), lawyer and judge, read law under Thomas Jefferson. The relations between Stuart and Jefferson were friendly, although Stuart was years younger. He attended the College of William and Mary from ca. 1777 to 1780. In March 1781, Stuart served in the Augusta and Rockbridge militia at the Battle of Guildford Courthouse in North Carolina. Family tradition that Stuart read law at Monticello is based on this brief notation from a biographical sketch of Archibald Stuart by his son, Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart: "Archibald Stuart spent the greater part of next two years in the study of law with Mr. Jefferson."1 Since Stuart was a student and soldier up until about 1781, it can be assumed that he was at Monticello after this date. This period was well beyond August, 1774 when Jefferson ceased to practice law; however, it must be noted that Jefferson's interest in it and in mentoring young students never wavered.
After Stuart become a lawyer, he looked after Jefferson's interests on "the other side of the mountain," which included collecting debts owed for the sale of Monticello nails and paying taxes on the Natural Bridge.2 Stuart and Jefferson exchanged nearly a hundred letters between the early 1780s and Jefferson's death in 1826.3 Stuart was active in the Virginia legislature throughout his life, and was a political ally of Jefferson and James Madison. Stuart served as a member of the Rockfish Gap Commission in 1818, which was instrumental in the establishment of the University of Virginia. He died in Staunton, Virginia in 1832.
- Adapted from James Bear, report on "Card Tables," October 6, 1962
- ANB. Contains a helpful guide to manuscript and published sources on Stuart.
- Archibald Stuart Ledgers, 1757-1852. Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
- Archibald Stuart Papers, 1790-1816. Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary.
- Papers of Archibald Stuart and Briscoe Gerard Baldwin, 1764-1884. Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library.
- Wilson, Douglas L. "A Mystery Solved." In Fall Dinner at Monticello, November 3, 1995, in Memory of Thomas Jefferson. Charlottesville, Va.: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 1995. Concerns a group of law books sold by Jefferson to Archibald Stuart in 1795.