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Echinacea purpurea - Purple Coneflower

Purple ConeflowerScientific Name: Echinacea purpurea

Common Name: Purple Coneflower

Description: Summer-blooming, herbaceous North American perennial; showy, deep-pink, daisy-like flowers on tall stems above a thick clump of deep green foliage

Size: Grows 3 to 4 feet in height by 2 to 3 feet wide

Cultural Information: Prefers full sun to light shade and well-drained garden loam; drought tolerant; plant the crown at ground level

USDA Zones: 3 through 9

Historical Notes: Native to central and southeastern United States, this showy perennial was first sent to Europe by Reverend John Banister, an English chaplain sent to Virginia by Bishop Compton in 1678.1 John Clayton collected this plant from Virginia and sent it to Europe in the 1700s.2 In the 19th century, Thomas Fessenden, an important American garden writer, commented on coneflowers: "many flowers," "very durable," "much admired."3

Known as Echinacea by most people, the purple coneflower is said to have medicinal purposes, such as alleviating symptoms of the common cold.4

- Peggy Cornett, n.d.

Further Sources


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