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Primary Source References

Undated. "She [Ursula, Isaac's mother] was pastry cook and washerwoman; stayed in the laundry...Isaac's mother had seven dollars a month for lifetime for washing, ironing, and making pastry..."[1]

1777 September 28. "...8 silk gowns 6 washing ditto old and 2 new to make up..."[2]

1790 November 7. "A wash house 16. feet square to be built and placed where I pointed out to George."[3]

1796. (Jefferson plat of Mulberry Road). "A wash house, 16 1/2 f. square of wood, the chimney also wood, the floor earth, from n. it is 38f. to a servant's house..."[4]

1798 January 30. (Thomas Mann Randolph to Jefferson). "The gun exciting suspicion I had him [York] searched; one pair and an odd stocking marked T.I. were upon him...which might all have been obtained elsewhere than in your room for my people remembered some of your stocki[ngs ha]ving been stolen from the wash house..."[5]

1802 June 16. (William Lovering to Jefferson). "Mr. Briesler, the late Presidents Steward, some time in October 1800. desired I would get a Mangle made for Callendering of Linen...The Scetch of the Aparatus is Annexed. It saves Labor and Fireing, and makes Linen look considerable Better than Ironing and is made Use of in General by large Family in Europe. If the Servants are unacquainted in Useing [sic] it. I Can instruct them, if you think proper to have it."[6]

1802 JUne 18. (Jefferson to William Lovering). "...Those funds are all but exhausted, and thinks it possible Mr. Claxton can contract no new engagement on them."[7]

1807 December 15. (Jefferson to John Perry). "I am willing you should go on with the roof of the S.E. offices doing it as you propose to the far end of the Smoke house compleatley [sic] first. Then, while you are about the residue, the families in it can live in the Wash house and kitchen, till their own apartments are done again."[8]

1808 February 23. (Jefferson to Hugh Chisholm). "In every other respect it [South pavilion] is to be finished on the model of the North pavilion, except that the fireplace below is to be large enough for a wash house, say 4 f. 6. I. wide."[9]

1808 October 17. (Jefferson to Edmund Bacon). "I expect Mr. Madox is now about the stable, and the house laid off where an old loghouse stands, and of course that he draws off some of your force."[10]


  1. Bear, Jefferson at Monticello, 3, 8, 20.
  2. Inventory of Patsy's clothing. Martha Jefferson's Accounts. Library of Congress.
  3. Memorandum for Nicholas Lewis, PTJ, 18:29.
  4. Betts, Farm Book, 6.
  5. PTJ, 30:68-69.
  6. John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library. Colonial Williamsburg.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Massachusetts Historical Society.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Huntington Library.


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