Matthew Maury was a Episcopal minister and the son of Jefferson's teacher, James Maury. Upon his father's death, Matthew succeeded him as head of the Fredericksville parish church, and as a schoolteacher. He married Elizabeth Walker and had nine children.
Maury was a friend of Jefferson's since childhood. As early as 1769, when Maury left for London to seek ordination, Jefferson gave him a list of books and three Portugese half Johannes, two gold German ducats, and a silver coffeepot, weighing twenty-two ounces. He officiated the wedding of Jefferson's daughter Martha to Thomas Mann Randolph in 1790, and taught Jefferson's nephew Dabney Carr (1773-1837).
1782 June 29. "Subscribed 500 lb. tobo. or L5 to Mr. M. Maury annually to preach at Charlsvlle."
1790 January 11. "Sent by do. to Mr. Maury L6-5 for his first quarter."
1790 February 23. "Pd. Mr. Maury marriage fee L4-16."
1792 November 4. "Inclosed Revd. Matthew Maury do. on do. 166.67."
1795 May 4. "Pd. Revd. M. Maury on account of my subscription for 1793."
1797 December 5. "Left with Mr. Davidson for Mr. Maury..."
1799 April 1. "Pd. Mr. Maury last year's subscription 15.D."
1800 November 24. "Drew ord. on D. Higginbotham in favr. Revd. M. Maury for 15.D. last year's subscription."
1802 April 16. (Martha Jefferson Randolph to Jefferson). "Jefferson is reading latin wit his Papa but I am seriously uneasy at his not going to school. Mr. Murray with whom we proposed putting him has his number complete and will not I fear take another."
1804 April 25. "Inclosed to Mr. Maury 16.D. for attendance at funeral."