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The Hubbard Brothers
In the nailery, enslaved boys worked from sunup to sundown six days a week, swinging their hammers over a hot forge as many as 20,000 times a day. In 1806 an overseer reported that most nailers made between eight and ten pounds of nails a day.
To make a rose head nail: Hold a piece of heated nailrod with pincers. Hammer the end into a point. Hold the nailrod over a hardy, inserted in a socket in the anvil. Strike it at the desired length to notch the nailrod. Then stick the pointed end of the nailrod into the header...
In addition to rose head nails, Monticello nailmakers made smaller L-headed finish nails, called brads, using a different heading technique.
To make small lath nails, the nailers used nail-cutting shears to clip off wedge-shaped pieces from narrow strips of hoop iron. The head was then hammered into shape.
Archaeologists have found many nail wasters, or misshapen and discarded nails, at the site of the Monticello nailery.