Panoramic image of Monticello and Mulberry circa 1784 (Phase I). Digital rendering by RenderSphere, LLC. View the full screen pano »
The earliest structures on Mulberry Row supported the construction of Monticello I . In the joiner’s shop, carpenters and joiners made almost all of the woodwork for the main house. Enslaved families occupied the “Negro quarter” and two other large log dwellings while hired artisans lived in the workmen’s house. Jefferson lived in what is now known as the South Pavilion until about 1774.
Phase I Buildings
Panoramic image of Monticello and Mulberry circa 1796 (Phase II). Digital rendering by RenderSphere, LLC. View the full screen pano »
Jefferson rebuilt his house, Monticello II (1796−1809), doubling its size. He also shifted agricultural production on the plantation from tobacco to wheat and set up a nail factory. On Mulberry Row, he constructed new houses for slaves; a smokehouse, dairy, and wash house to serve the needs of his family and their guests; and a nailery and smith’s shop for profit.
Phase II Buildings
Panoramic image of Monticello and Mulberry circa 1816 (Phase III). Digital rendering by RenderSphere, LLC. View the full screen pano »
After Jefferson’s retirement from the presidency and the completion of Monticello II in 1809, the dairy, smokehouse, and wash house moved to the newly completed South Terrace wing while other buildings on Mulberry Row were added, torn down, or re-purposed. Free and enslaved workers produced goods in Jefferson’s workshops when trade embargoes during the War of 1812 restricted imports.