Bee Balm

Monarda didyma

[monarda_didyma]

This vigorous North American native was recognized as a desirable ornamental and kitchen garden plant by the early eighteenth century, and seed was sent by John Bartram to England in 1744. It was reported that by 1760 there was "plenty in covent garden market." Its citrusy flowers, which are very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds, can be used as a garnish or a spice. Bernard McMahon listed "Crimson Monarda" in his 1804 broadsheet, and Bee Balm was cited as a garden-worthy plant by major American garden writers of the nineteeth century -- Buist, Downing, Breck, and Henderson.

Growth Type: Perennial Color(s): Reds Hardiness Zones: 4 - 9 Location at Monticello: East Lawn Planting Conditions: Full Sun

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Blooming Dates 2001: Jun 20 – Jul 182002: Jun 7 – Jul 52003: Jun 20 – Jul 172004: Jun 8 – Jul 192005: Jun 10 – Jul 152007: Jun 14 – Jul 202008: Jun 24 – Aug 82009: Jun 18 – Aug 42010: Jul 10 – Aug 312011: Jun 14 – Aug 152012: May 24 – Aug 72013: Jun 14 – Aug 212014: Jun 16 – Jul 2