This charming American wildflower grows along the northern slopes and river bottoms of Monticello mountain and Jefferson observed it blooming at Shadwell on April 6, 1766. He called it "Puckoon" (its Native American name) and watched its spring progression along with the narcissus, Virginia bluebells, and purple flag. By April 13, Jefferson's birthday, the Puckoon flowers had fallen. The early American botanist John Bartram collected specimens and sent them to his European patrons. Although the roots are poisonous, they were prescribed as a headache remedy and as a stimulant in small doses.
Single, pure white flowers bloom in early spring as the leaf emerges. Pinkish flowers occur rarely. Deeply lobed, palm-like leaf. Named for the thick roots that have orange-red juice. Found in rich, deciduous forests from Maine to Florida. Thrives in shady, moist, humus-rich environments.
Visit Monticello’s Online Shop to check for seeds or plants of Bloodroot.
Typical Blooming Dates: March–April
Growth Type: Perennial
Blossom Color(s): White
Hardiness Zones: 3–9
Location at Monticello: Winding Flower Walk
Planting Conditions: Full Sun