Provenance: (1): Thomas Jefferson; by purchase to Captain Stockton; acquired by Colonel Wertenbaker of Charlottesville; by gift to the Valentine Museum prior to 1892; (2): Thomas Jefferson; by purchase to Captain Stockton; by descent to John N.C. Stockton; "picked up" by Dr. William C. Dabney; by gift to the Smithsonian Institution in 1875
Historical Notes: These two heads, which Jefferson believed were made by Native Americans, were part of his eclectic collection of art and artifacts in the Entrance Hall. When a visitor to Monticello wrote to Jefferson in 1821 asking the origin of "some curious, I believe, hindu figures in your collection of natl and artt curiosities," Jefferson replied that the figures could not be "Hindoo," but "must be Indian of our own continent as I possess no others."1
Jefferson's grandson, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, remembered that one of these heads (now in the Smithsonian) sat on a stand in the Entrance Hall, and that it had been sent to his grandfather from "the West."2 According to tradition, both heads were sold at the Dispersal Sale in 1827 to Captain Stockton of Albemarle County.
Jefferson displayed at least four "Indian" sculptures in the Entrance Hall. The most remarkable were a pair of bust-length statues of a man and woman, carved in hard stone (now unlocated). Morgan Brown, a lieutenant during the Revolutionary War, sent the statues to Jefferson from Palmyra, Tennessee, in 1799.
They were found on a high bluff on the north side of Cumberland river standing side by side faceing to the East, the tops of their heads about six inches under the surface of the earth; there ware two large mounds a little to the West of them and a quantity of human bones under and near them.3
Jefferson displayed the statues on brackets in the Entrance Hall on either side of the busts of Voltaire and Turgot.4 The busts may have remained at Monticello and been sold with the house to James Barclay in 1831.5