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Philadelphia

Philadelphia was the financial and cultural center of colonial America and of the early American republic. Because of its central location, the city was selected as the location for the Continental Congress, and served as the national capital from 1790 until 1800, when the federal government was moved to Washington, D.C.

Thomas Jefferson visited Philadelphia in 1766 to be inoculated against smallpox; in 1775, 1776, 1782, 1783, and 1784, as a member of Congress.1 He also lived there during the years 1790-1794, as Secretary of State; and in 1797-1800, as Vice President.

Thomas Jefferson's Residences in Philadelphia

  • 1775 June 20 - 1776 May 22. Benjamin Randolph's residence on Chestnut Street.2
  • 1776 May 23 - 1776 September 3. Jacob Graff's house on 7th and Market Streets.3
  • 1782 December 28 - 1783 April 10. Mary House's residence on 5th and Market Streets.4
  • 1783 October 30 - 1783 November 22. Mrs. House's residence on 5th and Market Streets.5
  • 1784 May. Mrs. House's residence on 5th and Market Streets.6
  • 1790 September 3-7. Mrs. House's residence on 5th and Market Streets.7
  • 1790 December 11 - 1793 March. Thomas Leiper's house at 274 High Street.8
  • 1793 April 9 - 1793 September. Gray's Ferry.9
  • 1793 September - 1793 November. Germantown.10
  • 1793 November 30 - 1794 January 5. Joseph Mussi's house on 7th and Market Streets.11
  • 1797 March - 1800 May. John Francis's hotel on 4th Street.12

Further Sources

  • National Park Service. Independence National Historic Park. Graff House. Information about this reconstructed building in which Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence.
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