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Hired White Workers

Jefferson hired around 100 free white artisans to work at Monticello—they built Monticello I (1769-83), renovated and expanded what became Monticello II (1796-1809), and trained enslaved people in highly specialized trades. During their brief residences at Monticello, many of these plasterers, bricklayers, house joiners, carpenters, and blacksmiths lived on Mulberry Row in the workmen’s house or in other dwellings. Often hailing from Ireland, Scotland, England, or Germany, these artisans worked primarily in the main house, the joiner’s shop, the carpenter’s shop, and on Mulberry Row constructing buildings and fences.
1785–1866
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Overseer
David Barnet
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Sawyer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
General Laborer, Lime Burner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Bricklayer, Carpenter, Mason
Benjamin Colvard
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
ca. 1771–1830
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner, Manager
Gideon Fitz
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Humphrey Gaines
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
1747–after 1811
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Gardener, Vigneron
d. 1801
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
H. Hough
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Weaver
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Overseer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Mason
James McGee
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Weaver
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter, Joiner
d. 1827
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
d. 1843
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Blacksmith
John M. Perry
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Reuben Perry
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
b. ca. 1775
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Bricklayer, Overseer, Plasterer
---- Robinson
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Sawyer
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Charcoal-burner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Blacksmith, Nailer
Thomas Walker
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Carpenter
Male
Hired White Workers
Work:
Joiner

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