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Jefferson hired around 100 free white artisans to work at Monticello—they built Monticello I (1769-83), renovated and expanded what became Monticello II (1796-1809), and trained enslaved people in highly specialized trades. During their brief residences at Monticello, many of these plasterers, bricklayers, house joiners, carpenters, and blacksmiths lived on Mulberry Row in the workmen’s house or in other dwellings. Often hailing from Ireland, Scotland, England, or Germany, these artisans worked primarily in the main house, the joiner’s shop, the carpenter’s shop, and on Mulberry Row constructing buildings and fences.

Edmund Bacon

1785–1866
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Overseer

David Barnet

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Sawyer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:General Laborer, Lime Burner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Bricklayer, Carpenter, Mason

Benjamin Colvard

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

James Dinsmore

ca. 1771–1830
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner, Manager

Gideon Fitz

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Humphrey Gaines

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Anthony Giannini

1747–after 1811
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Gardener, Vigneron

John Holmes

d. 1801
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner

H. Hough

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Weaver
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Overseer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Mason

James McGee

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Weaver

John Neilson

d. 1827
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter, Joiner

James Oldham

d. 1843
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Blacksmith

John M. Perry

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Reuben Perry

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter

Richard Richardson

b. ca. 1775
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Bricklayer, Overseer, Plasterer

---- Robinson

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Sawyer
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Charcoal-burner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Blacksmith, Nailer

Thomas Walker

Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Carpenter
Male Hired White Worker
Work:Joiner